David Heckerman from Microsoft research recently discussed some examples of how machine learning is affecting genomics and changing the pace of scientific breakthroughs.
"Until recently, the wet lab has been a crucial component of every biologist," Microsoft Research says. "Today's advances in the production of massive amounts of data and the creation of machine-learning algorithms for processing that data are changing the face of biological science—making it possible to do real science without a wet lab."
Microsoft just released the video Heckerman's talk. It's just over a half hour long: