Starting a Business? Everything You Need to Know About LLCs

An LLC is a cross between a corporation and a partnership; it is a common middle ground. Starting an LLC allows business owners to reap the benefits of both a sole proprietorship/partnership and a cor...
Starting a Business? Everything You Need to Know About LLCs
Written by Brian Wallace
  • An LLC is a cross between a corporation and a partnership; it is a common middle ground. Starting an LLC allows business owners to reap the benefits of both a sole proprietorship/partnership and a corporation, allowing them to reduce personal liability while gaining tax and operational flexibility. LLCs are recognized as legal business entities in all 50 states. LLCs are used by business owners to avoid personal financial risk while retaining tax simplicity.

    LLCs are becoming increasingly attractive among small and medium-sized business owners. They are much less formal than corporations and provide for more flexibility in terms of ownership and management. There are various factors to consider when forming an LLC, including whether or not to form one, the costs, the filing requirements, and so on.

    LLCs have several advantages that appeal to many entrepreneurs in a variety of industries, so it is critical to examine what sort of business structure to form. Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages to help you determine what will be best for you.


    Any profit generated by the LLC is immediately distributed to the owners. The owners then record their profits on their own tax returns. When it comes to taxation, LLCs have the best of both worlds; they can choose to be taxed as a sole proprietor, partnership, S corporation, or C corporation – whatever works best for them. The IRS will tax LLCs as either partnerships or sole proprietorships, based on whether they have one or more owners. It’s as simple as filling out paperwork to change this classification to whatever best suits the owners’ purposes. This also allows LLCs to escape the double taxation that C-corporations experience. 

    While taxes can be an advantage for LLCs, they can also be a disadvantage. Unless you want to be taxed the same as a corporation, you will very likely be subject to self-employment tax. The problem is that these taxes are much greater than they would be if business profits were taxed at the corporate level rather than being passed through to the owners. It is critical to evaluate your individual scenario when considering how your LLC will be taxed (and it is always a good idea to seek the guidance of your accountant) in order to avoid paying more taxes that you may be able to avoid.


    The process of forming an LLC is simple, and there is minor paperwork required when compared with other businesses. LLCs are also not required to have official officer responsibilities, keep a record of company minutes, make resolutions, or hold annual meetings, however, if you intend to form an LLC with multiple members, you will need to draft an operating agreement to safeguard your members from any legal conflicts.

    Some administrative obligations can also apply to LLCs that do not apply to single proprietorships or partnerships. You’ll need to file some papers with the state and pay the fee for registration, but the filing is minor when compared to forming a corporation. One key worry for LLC owners is keeping personal matters apart from the operations of the LLC. This means that the LLC must keep its own records, have a bank account, and keep track of any meetings held by the owners when key corporate decisions are made.  They must keep their personal affairs separate from the operations of the LLC. 


    The management structure of an LLC, like taxes, has both pros and cons. In contrast to corporations, which often have directors, officers, and managers, LLCs are not required to have official positions. While this is useful in that it provides for greater flexibility in how the firm is run, it can lead to problems and confusion regarding who is responsible for what in company operations. In a corporate operating agreement, it is critical to clearly identify roles and responsibilities so that there are no hitches in business operations and no concerns about who has the power to make specific decisions that would affect the organization.

    Because an LLC is a bit more formal than a partnership or sole proprietorship, it lends credibility to the business. Forming an LLC also helps you to establish a credit score for your company, which opens up the possibility of obtaining lines of credit and loans. LLC owners will not liable for any lawsuits or debts that may affect the LLC if they have not participated in any fraudulent or criminal activities. 


    All in all, an LLC has some significant benefits, especially when compared to a sole proprietorship or partnership, and it can be the ideal organization for many small businesses.

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