Microsoft Earnings Better Than Expected As Nokia, Restructuring Impact Numbers

Chris CrumBusiness

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Microsoft just released its quarterly earnings report with revenue at $22.2 billion. Wall Street estimates were more like $22.04 billion. The company exceeded expectations on earnings per share at $0.62 cents (compared to the expected $0.58).

Microsoft's report was substantially impacted by irregular circumstances including a $7.5 billion charge related to the acquisition of the Nokia Devices and Services (NDS) business and a restructuring charge of $780 million.

CEO Satya Nadella said, "Our approach to investing in areas where we have differentiation and opportunity is paying off with Surface, Xbox, Bing, Office 365, Azure and Dynamics CRM Online all growing by at least double-digits. And the upcoming release of Windows 10 will create new opportunities for Microsoft and our ecosystem."

Here's the full release:

REDMOND, Wash. — July 21, 2015 — Microsoft Corp. today announced that revenues for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 were $22.2 billion.  Gross margin, operating loss, and loss per share for the quarter were $14.7 billion, $(2.1) billion, and $(0.40) per share, respectively.

These results include the impact of a $7.5 billion non-cash impairment charge related to assets associated with the acquisition of the Nokia Devices and Services (NDS) business, in addition to a restructuring charge of $780 million.  There was also a charge of $160 million related to the previously announced integration and restructuring plan.  Combined, these items totaled $8.4 billion or a $1.02 per share negative impact.  Excluding this impact, operating income and EPS would have been $6.4 billion and $0.62, respectively.

During the quarter, Microsoft returned $6.7 billion to shareholders in the form of share repurchases and dividends.

The following table reconciles these financial results reported in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) to Non-GAAP financial results. Microsoft has provided this Non-GAAP financial information to aid investors in better understanding the company’s performance. All growth comparisons relate to the corresponding period in the last fiscal year.

  Three Months Ended June 30,  
 ($ in millions, except per share amounts) Revenue Gross Margin Operating Income (Loss) Earnings (Loss) per Share
2014 As Reported (GAAP) $23,382 $15,749 $6,482 $0.55
  Impairment, Integration, and Restructuring Charges - - 127 0.01
2014 As Adjusted (Non-GAAP) $23,382 $15,749 $6,609 $0.56
2015 As Reported (GAAP) $22,180 $14,712 $(2,053) $(0.40)
  Impairment, Integration, and Restructuring Charges - - 8,438 1.02
2015 As Adjusted (Non-GAAP) $22,180 $14,712 $6,385 $0.62
Percentage Change Y/Y (GAAP) (5)% (7)% (132)% (173)%
Percentage Change Y/Y (Non-GAAP) (5)% (7)% (3)% 11%
         

The strengthening of the U.S. dollar compared to foreign currencies had a significant impact on results in the quarter.  Excluding the effect of foreign exchange rate changes on the GAAP amounts, on a constant currency basis, revenue and gross margin would have declined 2% and 3%, and operating income and EPS would have declined 129% and 176%, respectively.  Excluding the effect of foreign exchange rate changes on the Non-GAAP amounts, on a constant currency basis, revenue and gross margin would have declined 2% and 3%, respectively, and operating income and EPS would have declined 1% and increased 8%, respectively.

“Our approach to investing in areas where we have differentiation and opportunity is paying off with Surface, Xbox, Bing, Office 365, Azure and Dynamics CRM Online all growing by at least double-digits,” said Satya Nadella, chief executive officer at Microsoft. "And the upcoming release of Windows 10 will create new opportunities for Microsoft and our ecosystem.”

“We finished the fiscal year with solid progress against our strategic priorities, through strong execution and financial discipline, which is reflected in our results for the quarter and the year,” said Amy Hood, executive vice president and chief financial officer at Microsoft.

Devices and Consumer revenue declined 13% (down 10% in constant currency) to $8.7 billion, with the following business highlights:

  • Windows OEM revenue decreased 22% as revenue was impacted by PC market declines following the XP end-of-support refresh cycle
  • Surface revenue grew 117% to $888 million, driven by Surface Pro 3 and launch of the Surface 3
  • Total Xbox revenue grew 27% based on strong growth in consoles, Xbox Live transactions and first party games
  • Search advertising revenue grew 21% with Bing U.S. market share at 20.3%, up 110 basis points over the prior year
  • Office 365 Consumer subscribers increased to 15.2 million, with nearly 3 million subscribers added in the quarter

Commercial revenue increased slightly (up 4% in constant currency) to $13.5 billion, with the following business highlights:

  • Commercial cloud revenue grew 88% (up 96% in constant currency) driven by Office 365, Azure and Dynamics CRM Online and is now on an annualized revenue run rate of over $8 billion
  • Server products and services revenue grew 4% (up 9% in constant currency), with stable annuity performance offsetting declines in transactional revenue
  • Dynamics revenue grew 6% (up 15% in constant currency), with the Dynamics CRM Online install base growing almost 2.5x
  • Office Commercial products and services revenue declined 4% (up 1% in constant currency), with continued transition to Office 365 and lower transactional revenue due to declining business PCs following the XP end-of-support refresh cycle
  • Windows volume licensing revenue declined 8% (down 4% in constant currency), driven primarily by transactional revenue declining following the XP end-of-support refresh cycle with annuity growth on a constant currency basis

“In our commercial business we continue to transform the product mix to annuity cloud solutions and now have 75,000 partners transacting in our cloud,” said Kevin Turner, chief operating officer at Microsoft. “We are also expanding the opportunity for more partners to sell Surface, and in the coming months will go from over 150 to more than 4,500 resellers globally.”

For Microsoft’s fiscal year 2015, the company’s revenue, gross margin, operating income, and diluted EPS were $93.6 billion, $60.5 billion, $18.2 billion, and $1.48 per share, respectively.  Excluding the impact of impairment, integration and restructuring charges, full year operating income and EPS would have been $28.2 billion and $2.63, respectively.

The following table reconciles these financial results reported in accordance with GAAP to Non-GAAP financial results. This Non-GAAP financial information has been provided to aid investors in better understanding the company’s performance.

  Twelve Months Ended June 30,  
($ in millions, except per share amounts) Revenue Gross Margin Operating Income Earnings per Share
2014 As Reported (GAAP) $86,833 $59,755 $27,759 $2.63
  Impairment, Integration, and Restructuring Charges - - 127 0.01
2014 As Adjusted (Non-GAAP) $86,833 $59,755 $27,886 $2.64
2015 As Reported (GAAP) $93,580 $60,542 $18,161 $1.48
  Impairment, Integration, and Restructuring Charges - - 10,011 1.15
2015 As Adjusted (Non-GAAP) $93,580 $60,542 $28,172 $2.63
Percentage Change Y/Y (GAAP) 8% 1% (35)% (44)%
Percentage Change Y/Y (Non-GAAP) 8% 1% 1% (0)%
         

Business Outlook

Microsoft will provide forward-looking guidance in connection with this quarterly earnings announcement on its earnings conference call and webcast.

Webcast Details

Satya Nadella, chief executive officer, Amy Hood, executive vice president and chief financial officer, Frank Brod, chief accounting officer, John Seethoff, deputy general counsel, and Chris Suh, general manager of Investor Relations, will host a conference call and webcast at 2:30 p.m. PDT (5:30 p.m. EDT) today to discuss details of the company’s performance for the quarter and certain forward-looking information. The session may be accessed at http://www.microsoft.com/investor. The webcast will be available for replay through the close of business on July 21, 2016.

Adjusted Financial Results and Non-GAAP Measures

During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, GAAP revenue, gross margin, operating loss, and loss per share included impairment, integration, and restructuring charges. For the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014, the financial results included the charges related to the integration expenses associated with the acquisition of NDS . These items are defined below. In addition to these financial results reported in accordance with GAAP, Microsoft has provided certain Non-GAAP financial information to aid investors in better understanding the company’s performance. Presenting these measures without the impact of these items gives additional insight into operational performance and helps clarify trends affecting the company’s business. For comparability of reporting, management considers this information in conjunction with GAAP amounts in evaluating business performance. These Non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered as a substitute for, or superior to, the measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP.

Non-GAAP Definitions

During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, impairment, integration, and restructuring charges were $8.4 billion.  Microsoft recorded $7.5 billion of goodwill and asset impairment charges related to Phone Hardware, and $780 million of restructuring expenses, primarily costs associated with the restructuring announced on July 8, 2015. There was also a charge of $160 million related to the previously announced integration and restructuring plan.

 

For fiscal year 2015, impairment, integration, and restructuring charges were $10.0 billion, compared with $127 million in the prior year.  This includes $7.5 billion of goodwill and asset impairment charges related to Phone Hardware, and $780 million of restructuring expenses, primarily costs associated with the restructuring announced on July 8, 2015. There was also a charge of approximately $1.7 billion related to the previously announced integration and restructuring plan.

 

Prior year expenses of $127 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014 were associated with the acquisition and integration of NDS. These expenses consisted of transaction fees and direct acquisition costs, including legal, finance, consulting and other professional fees. These costs also included employee compensation and termination costs associated with certain reorganization activities.

 

Constant Currency

Microsoft presents constant currency information to provide a framework for assessing how our underlying businesses performed excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations. To present this information, current and comparative prior period results for entities reporting in currencies other than United States dollars are converted into United States dollars using the average exchange rates from the comparative period rather than the actual exchange rates in effect during the respective periods.  The non-GAAP financial measures presented below should not be considered as a substitute for, or superior to, the measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. All growth comparisons relate to the corresponding period in the last fiscal year.

Financial Performance Constant Currency Reconciliation

   

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 
($ in millions, except per share amounts) 2014 As Reported (GAAP) 2014 As Adjusted (Non-​GAAP) 2015 As Reported (GAAP) 2015 As Adjusted (Non-​GAAP) Constant Currency Impact %Y/Y (GAAP) % Y/Y (Non-​GAAP) % Y/Y Constant Currency (GAAP) % Y/Y Constant Currency (Non-​GAAP)
Revenue $23,382 $23,382 $22,180 $22,180 $(753) (5)% (5)% (2)% (2)%
Gross Margin $15,749 $15,749 $14,712 $14,712 $(557) (7)% (7)% (3)% (3)%
Research and Development, Sales and Marketing and General and Administrative Expenses $9,140 $9,140 $8,327 $8,327 $(402) (9)% (9)% (4)% (4)%
Operating Income (Loss) $6,482 $6,609 $(2,053) $6,385 $(155) (132)% (3)% (129)% (1)%
Earnings (Loss) per Share $0.55 $0.56 $(0.40) $0.62 $0.02 (173)% 11% (176)% 8%

Segment Revenue Constant Currency Reconciliation

  Three Months Ended June 30,  
($ in millions)   2014 As Reported (GAAP) 2015 As Reported (GAAP) Constant Currency Impact %Y/Y (GAAP) % Y/Y Constant Currency (GAAP)
Licensing   $4,903 $3,233 $(43) (34)% (33)%
Computing and Gaming Hardware   1,342 1,933 (82) 44% 50%
Phone Hardware   1,982 1,234 (76) (38)% (34)%
Other   1,762 2,300 (71) 31% 35%
   Total Devices and Consumer   $9,989 $8,700 $(272) (13)% (10)%
Licensing   11,233 10,451 (364) (7)% (4)%
Other   2,262 3,076 (117) 36% 41%
   Total Commercial   $13,495 $13,527 $(481) 0% 4%
Corporate and Other   (102) (47) 0 54% 54%
  Total Revenue   $23,382 $22,180 $(753) (5)% (2)%

 

About Microsoft

Microsoft (Nasdaq “MSFT” @microsoft) is the leading platform and productivity company for the mobile-first, cloud-first world and its mission is to empower every person and every organization on the planet to achieve more.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this release that are “forward-looking statements” are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially because of factors such as:

  • intense competition in all of Microsoft’s markets;
  • increasing focus on services presents execution and competitive risks;
  • significant investments in new products and services that may not be profitable;
  • acquisitions, joint ventures, and strategic alliances may have an adverse effect on our business;
  • impairment of goodwill or amortizable intangible assets causing a significant charge to earnings;
  • Microsoft’s continued ability to protect and earn revenues from its intellectual property rights;
  • claims that Microsoft has infringed the intellectual property rights of others;
  • the possibility of unauthorized disclosure of significant portions of Microsoft’s source code;
  • cyber-attacks and security vulnerabilities in Microsoft products and services that could reduce revenue or lead to liability;
  • disclosure of personal data that could cause liability and harm to Microsoft’s reputation;
  • outages, data losses, and disruptions of our online services if we fail to maintain an adequate operations infrastructure;
  • government litigation and regulation that may limit how Microsoft designs and markets its products;
  • potential liability under trade protection and anti-corruption laws resulting from our international operations;
  • Microsoft’s ability to attract and retain talented employees;
  • adverse results in legal disputes;
  • unanticipated tax liabilities;
  • Microsoft’s hardware and software products may experience quality or supply problems;
  • exposure to increased economic and operational uncertainties from operating a global business;
  • catastrophic events or geo-political conditions may disrupt our business; and
  • adverse economic or market conditions may harm our business.

For more information about risks and uncertainties associated with Microsoft’s business, please refer to the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors” sections of Microsoft’s SEC filings, including, but not limited to, its annual report on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, copies of which may be obtained by contacting Microsoft’s Investor Relations department at (800) 285-7772 or at Microsoft’s Investor Relations website athttp://www.microsoft.com/investor.

All information in this release is as of July 21, 2015. The company undertakes no duty to update any forward-looking statement to conform the statement to actual results or changes in the company’s expectations.

For more information, press only:

Rapid Response Team, Waggener Edstrom Worldwide, (503) 443-7070,rrt@waggeneredstrom.com

 

For more information, financial analysts and investors only:

Chris Suh, general manager, Investor Relations, (425) 706-4400

 

Note to editors: For more information, news and perspectives from Microsoft, please visit the Microsoft News Center at http://www.microsoft.com/news/. Web links, telephone numbers, and titles were correct at time of publication, but may since have changed. Shareholder and financial information, as well as today’s 2:30 p.m. PDT conference call with investors and analysts, is available at http://www.microsoft.com/investor.

 

MICROSOFT CORPORATION
INCOME STATEMENTS
(In millions, except per share amounts)(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30, Twelve Months Ended June 30,
  2015   2014   2015   2014
Revenue  $   22,180  $23,382  $    93,580  $86,833
Cost of revenue 7,468 7,633 33,038 27,078
   Gross margin 14,712 15,749 60,542 59,755
Research and development 3,094 3,123 12,046 11,381
Sales and marketing 3,961 4,682 15,713 15,811
General and administrative 1,272 1,335 4,611 4,677
Impairment, integration, and
restructuring
8,438 127 10,011 127
Operating income (loss) (2,053) 6,482 18,161 27,759
Other income (expense), net 297 95 346 61
Income (loss) before income taxes (1,756) 6,577 18,507 27,820
Provision for income taxes 1,439 1,965 6,314 5,746
Net income (loss)  $   (3,195)  $  4,612  $    12,193  $22,074
Earnings (loss) per share:
   Basic  $     (0.40)  $    0.56  $        1.49  $    2.66
   Diluted  $     (0.40)  $    0.55  $        1.48  $    2.63
Weighted average shares outstanding:
   Basic 8,061 8,246 8,177 8,299
   Diluted 8,061 8,345 8,254 8,399
Cash dividends declared per
common share
 $      0.31    $    0.28    $        1.24    $    1.12

 

MICROSOFT CORPORATION
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME STATEMENTS
(In millions)(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30, Twelve Months Ended June 30,
  2015   2014   2015   2014
Net income (loss)  $   (3,195)  $  4,612  $    12,193  $22,074
Other comprehensive income (loss):
   Net unrealized gains (losses) on
derivatives (net of tax effects
of $(11), $(3), $20, and $(4))
(408) (21) 559 (35)
   Net unrealized gains (losses) on
investments (net of tax effects
of $(39), $162, $(197), and
$936)
(67) 235 (362) 1,737
   Translation adjustments and
other (net of tax effects of
$448, $(41), $16, and $12)
(474) 162 (1,383) 263
      Other comprehensive income
(loss)
(949) 376 (1,186) 1,965
Comprehensive income (loss)  $   (4,144)  $  4,988  $    11,007  $24,039

 

MICROSOFT CORPORATION
BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)(Unaudited)
  June 30,
2015
  June 30, 2014
Assets
Current assets:
  Cash and cash equivalents  $           5,595  $      8,669
  Short-term investments (including securities
loaned of $75 and $541)
90,931 77,040
    Total cash, cash equivalents, and short-term
investments
96,526 85,709
  Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful
accounts of $335 and $301
17,908 19,544
  Inventories 2,902 2,660
  Deferred income taxes 1,915 1,941
  Other 5,461 4,392
    Total current assets 124,712 114,246
Property and equipment, net of accumulated
depreciation of $17,606 and $14,793
14,731 13,011
Equity and other investments 12,053 14,597
Goodwill 16,939 20,127
Intangible assets, net 4,835 6,981
Other long-term assets 2,953 3,422
           Total assets  $       176,223  $  172,384
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
Current liabilities:
  Accounts payable  $           6,591  $      7,432
  Short-term debt 4,985 2,000
  Current portion of long-term debt 2,499 0
  Accrued compensation 5,096 4,797
  Income taxes 606 782
  Short-term unearned revenue 23,223 23,150
  Securities lending payable 92 558
  Other 6,766 6,906
    Total current liabilities 49,858 45,625
Long-term debt 27,808 20,645
Long-term unearned revenue 2,095 2,008
Deferred income taxes 2,835 2,728
Other long-term liabilities 13,544 11,594
    Total liabilities 96,140 82,600
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders' equity:
  Common stock and paid-in capital - shares
authorized 24,000; outstanding 8,027 and 8,239
68,465 68,366
  Retained earnings 9,096 17,710
  Accumulated other comprehensive income 2,522 3,708
    Total stockholders' equity 80,083 89,784
           Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $       176,223  $  172,384

 

MICROSOFT CORPORATION
CASH FLOWS STATEMENTS
(In millions)(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30, Twelve Months Ended June 30,
  2015   2014   2015   2014
Operations
Net income (loss)  $   (3,195)  $  4,612  $    12,193  $22,074
Adjustments to reconcile net
income (loss) to net cash from
operations:
   Goodwill and asset impairments 7,498 0 7,498 0
   Depreciation, amortization, and
other
1,493 1,742 5,957 5,212
   Stock-based compensation
expense
654 618 2,574 2,446
   Net recognized gains on
investments and derivatives
(264) (209) (443) (109)
   Excess tax benefits from
stock-based compensation
(33) (24) (588) (271)
   Deferred income taxes (644) (369) 224 (331)
   Deferral of unearned revenue 16,687 16,869 45,072 44,325
   Recognition of unearned revenue (11,573) (11,345) (44,920) (41,739)
   Changes in operating assets
and liabilities:
      Accounts receivable (5,448) (5,363) 1,456 (1,120)
      Inventories (429) (199) (272) (161)
      Other current assets 612 282 62 (29)
      Other long-term assets 5 (159) 346 (628)
      Accounts payable (142) 863 (1,054) 473
      Other current liabilities 1,328 1,072 (624) 1,075
      Other long-term liabilities 267 1,124 1,599 1,014
         Net cash from operations 6,816 9,514 29,080 32,231
Financing
Proceeds from issuance of
short-term debt, maturities of
90 days or less, net
3,259 500 4,481 500
Proceeds from issuance of debt 0 1,500 10,680 10,350
Repayments of debt 0 (2,000) (1,500) (3,888)
Common stock issued 151 146 634 607
Common stock repurchased (4,279) (1,170) (14,443) (7,316)
Common stock cash dividends paid (2,496) (2,309) (9,882) (8,879)
Excess tax benefits from
stock-based compensation
33 24 588 271
Other (239) 0 362 (39)
         Net cash used in financing (3,571) (3,309) (9,080) (8,394)
Investing
Additions to property and
equipment
(1,781) (1,330) (5,944) (5,485)
Acquisition of companies, net of
cash acquired, and purchases of
intangible and other assets
(626) (5,626) (3,723) (5,937)
Purchases of investments (25,259) (23,473) (98,729) (72,690)
Maturities of investments 5,370 1,138 15,013 5,272
Sales of investments 17,232 20,617 70,848 60,094
Securities lending payable (3) (236) (466) (87)
         Net cash used in investing (5,067) (8,910) (23,001) (18,833)
Effect of exchange rates on cash
and cash equivalents
3 (198) (73) (139)
Net change in cash and cash
equivalents
(1,819) (2,903) (3,074) 4,865
Cash and cash equivalents,
beginning of period
7,414 11,572 8,669 3,804
Cash and cash equivalents, end of
period
 $     5,595  $  8,669  $      5,595  $  8,669

 

MICROSOFT CORPORATION              
               
SEGMENT REVENUE AND GROSS MARGIN
(In millions)(Unaudited)
               
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Twelve Months Ended June 30,
   
  2015   2014   2015   2014
Revenue              
Devices and Consumer Licensing  $     3,233    $  4,903    $   14,969    $19,528
Computing and Gaming Hardware 1,933   1,342   10,183   9,093
Phone Hardware 1,234   1,982   7,524   1,982
Devices and Consumer Other 2,300   1,762   8,825   7,014
Commercial Licensing 10,451   11,233   41,039   42,085
Commercial Other 3,076   2,262   10,836   7,546
Corporate and Other (47)   (102)   204   (415)
  Total revenue  $   22,180    $23,382    $   93,580    $86,833
               
Gross Margin              
Devices and Consumer Licensing  $     2,966    $  4,521    $   13,870    $17,439
Computing and Gaming Hardware 435   18   1,788   892
Phone Hardware (104)   54   701   54
Devices and Consumer Other 594   291   2,022   1,393
Commercial Licensing 9,529   10,298   37,830   38,615
Commercial Other 1,350   691   4,199   1,855
Corporate and Other (58)   (124)   132   (493)
  Total gross margin  $   14,712    $15,749    $   60,542    $59,755

 

MICROSOFT CORPORATION

FOURTH QUARTER FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

All growth comparisons relate to the corresponding period in the last fiscal year. Please refer to the reconciliation of our GAAP and Non-GAAP financial results in the table provided above for additional information.

SUMMARY

Revenue was $22.2 billion, down 5% year-over-year. Revenue included an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 3%.

Gross margin was $14.7 billion, down 7% year-over-year. Gross margin included an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 4%.

Operating loss was $2.1 billion, compared to operating income of $6.5 billion in the prior year. Operating loss included $8.4 billion of impairment, integration, and restructuring expenses. Non-GAAP operating income was $6.4 billion, down 3% year-over-year, including an adjustment for impairment, integration, and restructuring expenses as described in the Non-GAAP reconciliation above.

EPS was $(0.40), compared to $0.55 in the prior year. EPS was negatively impacted by impairment, integration, and restructuring expenses. Non-GAAP EPS was $0.62, and grew 11% year-over-year, including an adjustment for impairment, integration, and restructuring expenses as described in the Non-GAAP reconciliation above.

SEGMENT INFORMATION

Devices and Consumer (“D&C”)

Total D&C revenue decreased $1.3 billion or 13%, primarily due to lower revenue from Phone Hardware, Windows OEM, Windows Phone, and Office Consumer, offset in part by higher revenue from Surface, Xbox, and search advertising. D&C revenue included an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 3%. D&C gross margin decreased $993 million or 20%, due to lower revenue, offset in part by a $296 million or 6% decrease in cost of revenue.

D&C Licensing

D&C Licensing revenue decreased $1.7 billion or 34%, mainly due to lower revenue from Windows OEM, Windows Phone, and Office Consumer. Gross margin decreased $1.6 billion or 34%.

  • Windows OEM revenue decreased $683 million or 22%, as Windows OEM Pro revenue declined 21% and Windows OEM non-Pro revenue declined 27%. Windows OEM Pro revenue decreased, primarily due to declines in the business PC market and benefits realized from the expiration of support for Windows XP in the prior year. Windows OEM non-Pro revenue decreased, as OEMs tightly managed PC inventory ahead of the Windows 10 launch, particularly in developed markets.
  • Windows Phone revenue decreased $552 million or 68%, mainly due to $382 million of revenue recognized in the prior year at the conclusion of the commercial agreement with Nokia, and a decline in royalty revenue.
  • Office Consumer revenue decreased $330 million or 42%, reflecting declines in the consumer PC market, particularly Japan where Office is predominantly pre-installed on new PCs, and the transition of customers to Office 365 Consumer, where revenue is recognized ratably.

Computing and Gaming Hardware

Computing and Gaming Hardware revenue increased $591 million or 44%, driven by higher Surface and Xbox Platform revenue. Gross margin increased $417 million, and benefitted from the mix shift to Surface Pro 3 and Surface 3.

  • Surface revenue increased 117% to $888 million, driven by Surface Pro 3 and Surface 3 units sold. We launched Surface Pro 3 and Surface 3 in June 2014 and May 2015, respectively.
  • Xbox Platform revenue increased $86 million or 10%, driven by higher volumes of consoles sold, offset in part by lower prices of Xbox Ones sold. We sold 1.4 million consoles in the fourth quarter compared to 1.1 million consoles during the prior year.
  • Computing and Gaming Hardware revenue included an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 6%.

Phone Hardware

Phone Hardware revenue decreased $748 million or 38%. Gross margin decreased $158 million, due to lower revenue, offset in part by a $590 million or 31% decrease in cost of revenue. Phone Hardware has been included in our consolidated financial results starting on April 25, 2014, the date we acquired NDS.

  • Lumia phones revenue declined, driven by a mix shift to lower price point devices. We sold 8.4 million Lumia phones in the fourth quarter compared to 5.8 million in the prior year.
  • Non-Lumia phones revenue declined, driven primarily by lower volumes. We sold 19.4 million non-Lumia feature phones in the fourth quarter compared to 30.3 million in the prior year.
  • Phone Hardware revenue included an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 4%.

D&C Other

D&C Other revenue increased $538 million or 31%, mainly due to higher revenue from Xbox Live transactions, search advertising, first-party video games, including Minecraft, and Office 365 Consumer. Gross margin increased $303 million or 104%, and gross margin percentage increased to 26%, up from 17% in the prior year.

  • Xbox Live transactions revenue increased $205 million or 58%, reflecting increased users and revenue per user.
  • Search advertising revenue increased $160 million or 21%, driven by growth in Bing. Growth in search revenue was due to higher revenue per search and increased search volume.
  • First-party video games revenue increased $63 million or 62%. We acquired the Minecraft gaming franchise in November 2014.
  • Office 365 Consumer revenue increased $58 million, reflecting subscriber growth. We ended the year with 15.2 million subscribers.
  • D&C Other revenue included an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 4%.

Commercial

Commercial revenue increased slightly, overcoming an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 4%. Server products and services revenue grew 4%, and Office Commercial products and services revenue declined 4%. Commercial gross margin decreased $110 million or 1%.

Commercial Licensing

Commercial Licensing revenue decreased $782 million or 7%, primarily due to a decline in revenue from Office Commercial. Gross margin decreased $769 million or 7%, in line with revenue.

  • Office Commercial revenue decreased $823 million or 18%, due to the continued transition of customers to Office 365 Commercial and lower transactional license volume, reflecting a decline in the business PC market following Windows XP end of support in the prior year. Office Commercial revenue included an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 5%.
  • Despite an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 5%, server products revenue was flat, as annuity revenue growth offset transactional revenue declines.

Commercial Other

Commercial Other revenue increased $814 million or 36%, due to higher Commercial Cloud revenue. Gross margin increased $659 million or 95%, driven by increased scale in our Commercial Cloud.

  • Commercial Cloud revenue grew $832 million or 88%, mainly due to higher revenue from Office 365 Commercial and Microsoft Azure. Cloud revenue included an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 8%.
  • Including an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 6%, Enterprise Services revenue declined 1%.

EXPENSES

  • Cost of revenue decreased $165 million or 2%, mainly due to lower Phone Hardware costs, offset in part by higher costs associated with Commercial Cloud and Xbox. Cost of revenue included a favorable foreign currency impact of approximately 3%.
  • Research and development expenses were comparable to the prior year.
  • Sales and marketing expenses decreased $721 million or 15%, primarily due to lower advertising and marketing program costs, as well as a reduction in headcount-related expenses. Sales and marketing expenses included a favorable foreign currency impact of approximately 6%.
  • General and administrative expenses decreased $63 million or 5%, primarily due to lower headcount-related expenses. General and administrative expenses included a favorable foreign currency impact of approximately 4%.
  • Impairment, integration, and restructuring expenses were $8.4 billion, compared with $127 million in the prior year.During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, we recorded $7.5 billion of goodwill and asset impairment charges related to Phone Hardware. Additionally, we incurred $780 million of restructuring expenses associated with the restructuring announced in July 2015, and $160 million of integration and restructuring expenses related to our previous restructuring plan. Prior year expenses reflect integration expenses associated with our acquisition of NDS.

Impairment charges reduced certain assets reported on our consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2015, as follows:

(In millions)      
   
June 30,   2015  
         
Goodwill   $ (5,144
Intangible assets, net     (2,155 )
Property and equipment, net     (199
   
Total   $ (7,498

Restructuring expenses, net of cash paid and other settlements, are reflected in current liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2015.

INCOME TAXES

The effective tax rate was (82)% for the quarter, compared to 30% in the prior year. The change in the effective tax rate was primarily due to impairment charges in the current quarter that were not tax deductible. Adjusting for these impairment charges, our Non-GAAP effective tax rate was 24%.

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET

Other income (expense), net, increased $202 million, primarily driven by net gains on foreign currency, offset in part by lower net gains recognized on sales of investments.

Image via Wikimedia Commons

Chris Crum
Chris Crum has been a part of the WebProNews team and the iEntry Network of B2B Publications since 2003. Follow Chris on Twitter, on StumbleUpon, on Pinterest and/or on Google: +Chris Crum.