Facebook Profiles Reflect True Personality
Social networks such as Facebook are being used to express and communicate genuine personality, instead of an exaggerated identity, according to new research from psychologist Sam Gosling at The University of Texas at Austin.
"I was surprised by the findings because the widely held assumption is that people are using their profiles to promote an enhanced impression of themselves," said Gosling of the more than 700 million people worldwide who have online profiles.
"In fact, our findings suggest that online social networking profiles convey rather accurate images of the profile owners, either because people aren’t trying to look good or because they are trying and failing to pull it off."
Gosling and a team of researchers collected 236 profiles of college-aged people from the United States (Facebook) and Germany (StudiVZ, SchuelerVZ). The researchers used questionnaires to assess the profile owners’ actual personality characteristics as well as their ideal-personality traits (how they wished to be). The personality traits include: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness.
In the study, observers rated the profiles of people they did not know. These ratings were then compared to the profile owners’ actual personality and their ideal personality. Personality impressions based on online social network profiles were accurate and were not affected by profile owners’ self-idealization.
Accuracy was strongest for extraversion, mirroring results of face-to-face meetings and lowest for neuroticism. Those findings were consistent with previous research showing that neuroticism is difficult detect without being in person.
"I think that being able to express personality accurately contributes to the popularity of online social networks in two ways," said Gosling. "First, it allows profile owners to let others know who they are and, in doing so, satisfies a basic need to be known by others.
"Second, it means that profile viewers feel they can trust the information they glean from online social network profiles, building their confidence in the system as a whole."