Facebook posted its Q3 earnings on Tuesday, beating analysts' expectations with $1.26 billion in revenue.
CEO Mark Zuckerberg said, "As proud as I am that a billion people use Facebook each month, I'm also really happy that over 600 million people now share and connect on Facebook every month using mobile devices. People who use our mobile products are more engaged, and we believe we can increase engagement even further as we continue to introduce new products and improve our platform. At the same time, we are deeply integrating monetization into our product teams in order to build a stronger, more valuable company."
During the company's earnings call, Zuckerberg placed a great emphasis on mobile, and said that many have misunderstood Facebook's potential to monetize mobile, where users are most engaged. The company's is "just getting started" in the monetization departement, he said.
As far as Facebook Games go, he said, things aren't quite as he'd like them to be, but beyond Zynga, other games are starting to do better.
Facebook has seen continued user growth, even since the recently announced billion-user milestone. Monthly active users are now at 1.01 billion (as of the end of September), which is a 26% year-over-year increase. Daily active users are at 584 million on average (up 28% year-over-year), and mobile monthly active users are at 604 million (up 61% year-over-year.
Revenue from advertising was $1.09 billion, up 32% year-over-year, and 14% of ad revenue generated was from mobile. Payments and other fees revenue for the third quarter was $176 million, up 13% year-over-year, but down 9% from the previous quarter.
The company did post a net loss of $59 million.
Here's the release in its entirety:
MENLO PARK, Calif.,Oct. 23, 2012/PRNewswire/ -- Facebook, Inc.(NASDAQ: FB) today reported financial results for the third quarter, which endedSeptember 30, 2012.
"As proud as I am that a billion people useFacebookeach month, I'm also really happy that over 600 million people now share and connect on Facebook every month using mobile devices," saidMark Zuckerberg,Facebookfounder and CEO. "People who use our mobile products are more engaged, and we believe we can increase engagement even further as we continue to introduce new products and improve our platform. At the same time, we are deeply integrating monetization into our product teams in order to build a stronger, more valuable company."
Third Quarter 2012 Financial Summary
|In millions, except percentages and per share amounts||Q3'12||Q3'11|
|Revenue||$ 1,262||$ 954|
|Income from Operations|
|GAAP||$ 377||$ 414|
|Non-GAAP||$ 525||$ 484|
|Net Income (Loss)|
|GAAP||$ (59)||$ 227|
|Non-GAAP||$ 311||$ 273|
|Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Share (EPS)|
|GAAP||$ (0.02)||$ 0.10|
|Non-GAAP||$ 0.12||$ 0.12|
Third Quarter 2012 Operational Highlights
- Monthly active users (MAUs) were 1.01 billion as ofSeptember 30, 2012, an increase of 26% year-over-year
- Daily active users (DAUs) were 584 million on average forSeptember 2012, an increase of 28% year-over-year
- Mobile MAUs were 604 million as ofSeptember 30, 2012, an increase of 61% year-over-year
Recent Business Highlights
- Completely rebuiltFacebookfor iOS for faster and more reliable performance
- Updated Messenger for Android and iOS and made Facebook Camera available in 18 languages
- Continued to make it easy for mobile developers to build withFacebookLaunched Facebook Gifts, a way to send gifts to celebrate the special moments millions of people share on Facebook each day
- New Software Development Kits (SDKs) for iOS and Android
- Deep integration into iOS 6.0
- Launched several new advertising products, such as Custom Audiences, Facebook Exchange, Offers, and mobile app install ads
- Generated 14% of advertising revenue during the third quarter from mobile
- Connected 1 billion people since founding the company eight years ago
- Created Facebook Stories, a new website to share the stories of people using Facebookin extraordinary ways at www.facebookstories.com
- Closed Instagram acquisition
- Opened first international engineering office inLondon
Third Quarter 2012 Financial Highlights
Revenue — Revenue for the third quarter totaled$1.26 billion, an increase of 32%, compared with$954 million in the third quarter of 2011. Excluding the impact of year-over-year changes in foreign exchange rates, revenue would have increased by 38%.
- Revenue from advertising was$1.09 billion, representing 86% of total revenue and a 36% increase from the same quarter last year. Excluding the impact of year-over-year changes in foreign exchange rates, advertising revenue would have increased by 43%.
- Payments and other fees revenue for the third quarter was$176 million, a 13% increase over the same quarter in the prior year and a 9% decline sequentially from the second quarter of 2012.
Costs and expenses — Third quarter costs and expenses were$885 million, an increase of 64% from the third quarter of 2011. Excluding share-based compensation and related payroll tax expenses, non-GAAP costs and expenses were$737 million, an increase of 57%.
Income from operations — For the third quarter, GAAP income from operations was$377 million, compared to income from operations of$414 million for the third quarter of 2011. Excluding share-based compensation and related payroll tax expenses, non-GAAP income from operations for the third quarter was$525 million, compared to$484 million for the third quarter of 2011.
Operating margin — GAAP operating margin was 30% for the third quarter of 2012, compared to 43% for the third quarter of 2011. Excluding share-based compensation and related payroll tax expenses, non-GAAP operating margin was 42% for the third quarter of 2012, compared to 51% for the third quarter of 2011.
Income tax provision — The GAAP income tax provision for the third quarter was$431 million, representing a 116% effective tax rate, driven by share-based compensation expense, a portion of which is not tax-deductible. Excluding share-based compensation expense and related payroll tax expenses, the non-GAAP effective tax rate would have been approximately 40%.
Net income (loss) — GAAP income before provision for income taxes was$372 million. After the provision for income taxes, GAAP net loss for the third quarter was$59 million, compared to net income of$227 million for the third quarter of 2011. GAAP EPS for third quarter of 2012 was($0.02), compared to$0.10 for the same quarter in the prior year. Excluding share-based compensation and related payroll tax expenses and income tax adjustments, non-GAAP net income was$311 million or$0.12 per share, compared to$273 million and$0.12 per share for the same quarter in the prior year.
Capital expenditures — Purchases of property and equipment for the quarter were$171 million. Additionally,$161 million of equipment was procured or financed through capital leases during the third quarter of 2012.
Cash and marketable securities — As ofSeptember 30, 2012, cash and marketable securities were$10.5 billion.
Webcast and Conference Call Information
Facebook will host a conference call to discuss the results at 2 p.m. PT / 5 p.m. ET today. The live webcast can be accessed at the Facebook Investor Relations website at investor.fb.com, along with the company's earnings press release, financial tables and slide presentation.
Following the call, a replay will be available at the same website. A telephonic replay will be available for one week following the conference call at +1 (404) 537-3406 or + 1 (855) 859-2056, conference ID 30503033.
Founded in 2004,Facebook's mission is to make the world more open and connected. People useFacebook to stay connected with friends and family, to discover what's going on in the world, and to share and express what matters to them.
Forward Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements regarding our business strategy and plans as well as expectations of future growth and engagement, all of which are subject to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and may differ materially from actual results due to a variety of factors including: our ability to retain or increase users and engagement levels, including mobile engagement and our ability to increase revenues and engagement across a range of geographies; our ability to monetize our mobile products; our ability to expand the Facebook Platform; competition; privacy concerns; security breaches; and our ability to manage growth and geographically-dispersed operations. These and other potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted are more fully detailed under the caption "Risk Factors" in our Quarterly Report for the quarter ended June 30, 2012 filed with the SEC, which is available on our Investor Relations website at investor.fb.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. Additional information will also be set forth in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter endedSeptember 30, 2012. In addition, please note that the date of this press release isOctober 23, 2012, and any forward-looking statements contained herein are based on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable as of this date. We undertake no obligation to update these statements as a result of new information or future events.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures: total revenue and advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect, non-GAAP costs and expenses, non-GAAP income from operations; non-GAAP net income; non-GAAP diluted shares; non-GAAP diluted earnings per share; non-GAAP operating margin; and non-GAAP effective tax rate. The presentation of these financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. Investors are cautioned that there are material limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as an analytical tool. In particular, many of the adjustments to our GAAP financial measures reflect the exclusion of items, specifically share-based compensation expense and payroll tax related to share-based compensation expense and the related income tax effects, that are recurring and will be reflected in our financial results for the foreseeable future. In addition, these measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting their usefulness for comparison purposes. We compensate for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from these non-GAAP financial measures.
We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide investors with useful supplemental information about the financial performance of our business, enable comparison of financial results between periods where certain items may vary independent of business performance, and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in operating our business.
We exclude the following items from one or more of our non-GAAP financial measures:
Share-based compensation expense. We exclude share-based compensation expense because we believe that the non-GAAP financial measures excluding this item provide meaningful supplemental information regarding operational performance. In particular, because of varying available valuation methodologies, subjective assumptions and the variety of award types that companies can use under FASB ASC Topic 718, we believe that providing non-GAAP financial measures that exclude this expense allow investors the ability to make more meaningful comparisons between our operating results and those of other companies. Furthermore, our share-based compensation expense was materially affected in the second quarter of 2012 due to the terms of our RSUs granted prior to 2011, related to which we recognized a cumulative$986 million in share-based compensation expense in the period, despite the fact that these awards were granted and earned over several years. Accordingly, we believe that excluding this expense provides investors and management with greater visibility to the underlying performance of our business operations, facilitates comparison of our results with other periods, and may also facilitate comparison with the results of other companies in our industry.
Payroll tax expense related to share-based compensation. We exclude payroll tax expense related to share-based compensation expense because, without excluding these tax expenses, investors would not see the full effect that excluding share-based compensation expense had on our operating results. Furthermore, our payroll tax expense was substantially higher due to the terms of our RSUs granted prior to 2011, where, despite the fact that these awards were granted and earned over several years, we recognized$84 million in payroll tax expense in the nine months endedSeptember 30, 2012, with most of this expense being recognized in the second quarter of 2012 and a partially offsetting credit recognized in third quarter of 2012. In addition, these expenses are tied to the exercise or vesting of underlying equity awards and the price of our common stock at the time of vesting or exercise, which factors may vary from period to period independent of the operating performance of our business. Similar to share-based compensation expense, we believe that excluding this payroll tax expense provides investors and management with greater visibility to the underlying performance of our business operations and facilitates comparison with other periods as well as the results of other companies.
Income tax effect of share-based compensation and related payroll tax expenses. We believe excluding the income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments assists investors and management in understanding the tax provision related to those adjustments and provides useful supplemental information regarding the underlying performance of our business operations.
Assumed preferred stock conversion. As a result of our initial public offering, all outstanding shares of preferred stock were automatically converted into shares of Class B common stock. Consequently, non-GAAP diluted shares and net income per share for periods prior toJune 30, 2012 have been calculated assuming this conversion, which we believe facilitates comparison with prior periods.
Dilutive securities and other dilutive equity awards excluded from GAAP. In our calculation of non-GAAP weighted average shares used to compute earnings per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders for the three and nine months endedSeptember 30, 2012, we give effect to antidilutive RSUs and stock options that are excluded from GAAP weighted average shares due to our reporting of a net loss. We also include unvested RSUs in the nine months endedSeptember 30, 2012 as well as in the three and nine months endedSeptember 30, 2011, the number of which is substantial due to the terms of RSUs granted prior to 2011. We believe including these awards facilitates comparison between periods.
Foreign exchange effect on total revenue and advertising revenue. We translate current quarter revenues using prior year exchange rates, which we believe is a useful metric that facilitates comparison to our historical performance.
For more information on our non-GAAP financial measures and a reconciliation of such measures to the nearest GAAP measure, please see the "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Results to Nearest GAAP Measures" table in this press release.
|CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS|
|(In millions, except for per share amounts)|
|Three Months Ended||Nine Months Ended|
|September 30,||September 30,|
|Revenue||$ 954||$ 1,262||$ 2,580||$ 3,504|
|Costs and expenses:|
|Cost of revenue||236||322||613||967|
|Research and development||108||244||264||1,102|
|Marketing and sales||114||168||272||703|
|General and administrative||82||151||222||717|
|Total costs and expenses||540||885||1,371||3,489|
|Income from operations||414||377||1,209||15|
|Interest and other income (expense), net|
|Other income (expense), net||(25)||6||(7)||9|
|Income (loss) before provision for income taxes||379||372||1,176||(11)|
|Provision for income taxes||152||431||478||-|
|Net income (loss)||$ 227||$ (59)||$ 698||$ (11)|
|Less: Net income attributable to participating securities||77||-||235||-|
|Net income (loss) attributable to Class A and Class B common||$ 150||$ (59)||$ 463||$ (11)|
|Earnings (loss) per share attributable to Class A and Class B|
|Basic||$ 0.11||$ (0.02)||$ 0.36||$ (0.01)|
|Diluted||$ 0.10||$ (0.02)||$ 0.32||$ (0.01)|
|Weighted-average shares used to compute earnings (loss)|
|per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders|