Conehead Skull Found in Multicultural Necropolis

By: Bennett Rieser - November 19, 2013

The site of Obernai in France was occupied by one people or another for the last 6000 years. Now, a series of graves found there date from 4000 years ago to 2000 years ago. These 38 tombs span a fantastic portion of human history: from the Stone Age to the Dark Age.

LiveScience reports that the tombs were first discovered in 2011 during an excavation that was leading to a large industrial project, but archaeologist Philippe Lefranc went back to do more detailed excavations this year.

The tombs were excellently preserved by the surrounding limestone. Lefranc said the bodies were discovered on their back, heads pointing west, with legs outstretched. Abundant flint tools and artifacts were found, among them some stone vases, and a mother-of-pearl elbow bracelet. Lefranc believes these artifacts to be attributed to the Grossgartach culture, a Neolithic animal-herding people that lived there in longhouses around 4750 BCE.

The archaeological remnants of a Gallic farm were also found just north of the Neolithic tombs. Some amphorae, coins, pottery, and glass ornaments indicate the Gauls who lived there were quite wealthy. The Gallic culture probably lived there between 150 and 130 BC, and Gauls extended their encampment south to what archaeologists believe was a religious sanctuary. To make that conclusion, they extrapolated from the human skull fragments, weapons, children, and animals buried throughout that particular site.

The conehead skull, in particular, appears to have come from a people entirely different from the previous two, as indicated by the deformity. Four graves were found that dated to about 1650 years ago; the richest of the decedents was a woman who wore a series of objects on her belt that are similar to those used by the Alan-Samartian populations from the Caucasus region. The conehead skull belonged to this particular woman.

In an email to LiveScience, Lefranc said “The deformation of the skull with the help of bandages (narrow strips of cloth) and small boards is a practice coming from central Asia. It was popularized by the Huns and adopted by many German people.”

Graves have been found containing similar skulls in Northern Gaul, Germany, and Eastern Europe, usually accompanied by a lot of grave goods. Archaeologists reasonably concluded that these individuals were eastern dignitaries to the Roman Empire who were incorporated into the legion during the great migrations.

[Image via Inrap]

About the Author

Bennett RieserBennett is a college-educated contract writer with WebProNews. When not bombarded by fascinating news or political upheaval, he spends his time relaxing with good friends, loyal family, and typically some of the many bastions of free internet discourse.

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  • Yep

    I don’t buy the deformation theory. So one day, someone just up and said — gee I think I am going to elongate an infants skull? A whole culture of people just up and started stretching skulls for really no reason. They didn’t have any data that suggested doing so would make one smarter. People suggest that doing so makes a person smarter and some people even leap to the conclusion that this is what helped build the pyramids – increased brain capacity and intelligence brought on skull stretching.

    I also don’t buy the pyramids were created by man. It doesn’t make logical sense. Just look at the Great Pyramid. These accepted values by egyptologists bear out the following: a total of over 2,300,000 blocks of limestone and granite were used in its construction with the average block weighing 2.5 tons and none weighing less than 2 tons. The large blocks used in the ceiling of the King’s Chamber weigh as much as 9 tons. Most estimate the pyramids to have been built in 20 years.

    2,400,000 stones used ÷ 20 years ÷ 365 days per year ÷ 10 work hours per day ÷ 60 minutes per hour = 0.55 stones laid per minute

    Thus no matter how many workers were used or in what configuration, 1.1 blocks would have to be put in place every 2 minutes, ten hours a day, 365 days a year for twenty years to complete the Great Pyramid within this time frame. To use the same equation, but instead assuming the time of completion to be one hundred years instead of twenty, it would require 1.1 blocks to be set every ten minutes.

    These numbers used are also very conservative. I know people now who cannot set a 2 ton object using modern machines and equipment in less than 2 minutes let alone using wood, pulley and ropes.

    Believe the pyramids were done by man if you want, but I highly doubt it.

    • skeptic

      Sir, please stop watching ancient aliens. If people didn’t create them what did? I just don’t understand how your train of thought goes from, archaeologists are wrong to aliens did it. You speak about things being “logical”, yet you propose nonsense. The idea of an alien species making it all the way here and not taking full control of the planet including primitive man , is asinine. Why would they come here to help us build things and leave? It isn’t logical. Had you not considered that egytologists estimates could be wrong? The science community are quite unwilling to change their minds. So when knowing this you can easily see how it is far more likely that we have the time frame wrong and we certainly don’t know the exact technique they used, but that in no way means humans didn’t do it.